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Research and analyses conducted by IEER have made important contributions to campaigns to stop nuclear weapons production, to improve the clean-up of nuclear weapons production sites, and to ban the production of certain chemicals that destroy the ozone layer. IEER's technical work is independently reviewed prior to publication (by a wide range of people, not just a narrow field of scientific experts) and has established a reputation for excellence in its scientific content, accessible style, and dedication to the goal of promoting a safer, healthier environment.
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Errata: Corrections to IEER printed materials

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Publications are listed in reverse chronological order. Some are available in PDF (portable document format).

IEER Technical Reports

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IEER Fact Sheets

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IEER Newsletters

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IEER Books

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Other Publications

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Book Abstracts

Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free

A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy

IEER Press and RDR Books, 2007 -- 257 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani

In a world confronting global climate change, political turmoil among oil exporting nations, nuclear weapons proliferation, nuclear plant safety and waste disposal issues, the United States must assume a leadership role in moving to a zero-CO2- emissions energy economy. At the same time, America needs to take the lead in reducing the world's reliance on nuclear power.

This breakthrough joint study by the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research and the Nuclear Policy Research Institute shows how our energy needs can be met by alternative sources. Wind, solar, hydrogen, biomass, microalgae, geothermal and wave power are all part of the solution. Must reading for everyone concerned with energy politics and the planet's future, Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free is already making headlines.

"This Roadmap could liberate us from an energy policy that is trashing our climate and our mountaintops, that is polluting our land, sea, and air, that is trying to resurrect dangerous nuclear power, and that has America so dependent on imported oil that our foreign policy is the prisoner of oil."
-S. David Freeman
President, Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners,
and former Chairman, Tennessee Valley Authority

"Arjun has produced a study which fulfills my greatest hopes-an urgent action plan to move the Earth in a dignified way out of intensive care."

-Helen Caldicott, M.D.
Founding President, Nuclear Policy Research Institute

PRICE: $19.95 to addresses in the U.S., Canada and Mexico. $27.95 to addresses elsewhere.
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Insurmountable Risks

The Dangers of Using Nuclear Power to Combat Global Climate Change

IEER Press and RDR Books, 2006 -- 448 pages, paperback
by Brice Smith

Comments about Insurmountable Risks:

How much will nuclear energy cost relative to other means of getting rid of carbon dioxide emissions? What will be the risks of catastrophic accidents if we build reactors at the rate of one a week or more, cookie-cutter style around the world? What about the risks of proliferation and terrorist attacks and nuclear waste?

This is the book if you have been waiting for a careful and thorough analysis of the risks of using nuclear energy to combat global warming. It is meticulously researched. Were there no alternative, the severity of the threat facing humankind and other species from global climate change might well warrant serious consideration of the risks of nuclear energy. Fortunately, this book convincingly shows that there are far safer economical alternatives.

Before buying into the idea that nuclear energy is going to save us from global climate change because of its theoretical potential for low carbon dioxide emissions, read this book. And then work for the alternatives."

-- Arjun Makhijani aka Dr. Egghead PRICE: $19.95 including postage and handling.
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Manifesto for Global Democracy

Two Essays on Imperialism and the Struggle for Freedom

Apex Press, 2004 -- 176 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani

The U.S. ideology of Manifest Destiny, now at the core of the U.S. assertion of the right to intervene anywhere and occupy anyplace, in the name of freedom, security, and civilization, is akin to South African apartheid. The roots of this exclusionary and violent concept of freedom are explored in the first essay in the book, On Freedom and Equality, and contrasted with the universal idea of freedom, based on equality, espoused by Mahatma Gandhi and Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. The borders between capitalist and developing countries separate people in the way Blacks and Whites in South Africa and in the United States were forcibly segregated not so long ago. An end to this global segregation is central to the struggle for global democracy and human rights.

The second essay, From Global Capitalism to Economic Justice, gives a critique of global capitalism and the "end of history" thesis that western liberal democracy under global capitalism is the ultimate stage in human political and economic development. Going beyond a critique, it offers a vision that unites the benefits of individual and local initiatives and a more equitable distribution of wealth locally and globally.

Comments about On Freedom and Equality:

A vast number of words have been written about freedom. Both sides in countless struggles have appealed to it. If I had to pick one essay to inform action to resist the wars that are being waged in freedom's name, like the War on Terror today, I would pick this brilliant piece of work by Arjun Makhijani, whose work I have admired for many years. It is indispensable reading in the struggle for global democracy.
-- Daniel Ellsberg, author of Secrets: A Memoir of Vietnam and the Pentagon Papers

Comments about From Global Capitalism to Economic Justice:

One of the nation's leading environmental scientists has now turned his considerable talents to economics. The result -- a profoundly disturbing account of global capitalism -- is compelling.
-- Juliet B. Schor, Associate Professor of Economics and Head Tutor, Women's Studies, Harvard University
A fine study of the world economy ... the most convincing and comprehensive alternative assessment I know.
-- Richard Falk, Visiting Distinguished Professor, Global Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, and Milbank Professor of International Law, Emeritus, Princeton University PRICE: $21.95 including postage and handling.
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Ecology and Genetics

An Essay on the Nature of Life and the Problem of Genetic Engineering

Apex Press, 2001 -- 60 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani

The central thesis of this book is that the genetic structures of living beings are internal biological expressions of the ecosystems they need to survive. That is why living beings contribute to the reproduction of ecosystems by their everyday acts of living, in a global-scale symbiosis. Inter-species genetic engineering creates new types of living beings, which could not arise naturally and which are being introduced without a sound understanding of their ecological impacts. The potential for nasty ecological surprises, possibly greater than anything seen with chemicals, is outlined in this monograph, which is based on fundamental theoretical arguments, illustrated with many examples.
Arjun Makhijani presents a deeper and scarier analysis of the threat which genetically engineered food poses to life on earth than criticisms of genetically engineered food to date. His work will open a new and more profound debate that calls into question the very nature of the agricultural biotech experiment now underway. Friends of the Earth urges everyone to read this pioneering book.
-- Brent Blackwelder, President, Friends of the Earth PRICE: $8.95 including postage and handling.
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Web version, which excludes illustrations.

Nuclear Wastelands

A Global Guide to Nuclear Weapons Production
and Its Health and Environmental Effects

MIT Press, 2000 -- 669 pages, paperback edition
includes afterword, briefly updating 1995 hardcover edition
edited by Arjun Makhijani, Howard Hu, and Katherine Yih
(a joint project of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War and IEER)

A handbook for scholars, students, policy makers, journalists, and peace and environmental activists, providing concise histories of the development of nuclear weapons programs of every declared and de-facto nuclear weapons power. The thorough documentation and analysis of Nuclear Wastelands brings to light governmental secrecy and outright deception that have camouflaged the damage done to the very people and lands the weapons were meant to safeguard.

No future research into nuclear weapons will be credible unless it refers to this study.
-- Jonathan Steel, The Guardian (UK), August 9, 1995 IEER PRICE: $52.00 including postage and handling.
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The Nuclear Power Deception

U.S. Nuclear Mythology from Electricity "Too Cheap to Meter"
to "Inherently Safe" Reactors

Apex Press, 1999 -- 266 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani and Scott Saleska

This book provides critical analysis and historical evidence to refute claims that nuclear power can alleviate the build-up of greenhouse gases and reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil. It also reveals the hazards of further proliferation of nuclear weapons from the growing quantities of plutonium generated by existing nuclear power plants throughout the world. Essential background reading for students, teachers, peace and environmental activists, and others concerned about nuclear power.

The authors base their analysis on a sound grasp of the technology and a sophisticated understanding of the subterranean military, economical, political, and technical issues that lead to the failure of the first nuclear power era. Makhijani and Saleska successfully demystify the technology with lucid and accurate explanations.
-- Professor Lawrence Lidsky, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology PRICE: $19.95 including postage and handling.
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Atomic Audit

The Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940

Brookings Institution Press, 1998 -- 680 pages, paperback
edited by Stephen I. Schwartz
contributing authors: Bruce G. Blair, Thomas S. Blanton, William Burr, Steven M. Kosiak, Arjun Makhijani, Robert S. Norris, Kevin O'Neill, John E. Pike, and William J. Weida

Atomic Audit presents an unprecedented complete and authoritative review of the history and high cost of the entire U.S. nuclear weapons program. Included is a provocative, extraordinarily large estimate of casualties from nuclear fallout and a welcome analysis of the adverse consequences of unwarranted nuclear secrecy.
-- Glenn T. Seaborg
Co-discoverer of Plutonium and Nobel Prize Winner
Former Chairman, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

Atomic Audit lays bare the staggering price exacted upon the most technologically proficient of the cold war antagonists. More important, it begins to expose the policy, planning, and operational flaws that undercut both the logic and implementation of deterrence as perceived by its American practitioners.
-- General Lee Butler
Retired former Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Strategic Command

PRICE: $40.00, including postage and handling.
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Fissile Materials in a Glass, Darkly

IEER Press, 1995 -- 126 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani and Annie Makhijani


IEER's report analyzes the options for disposition of plutonium and highly enriched uranium and recommends policies designed to put these materials into non-weapons-usable forms as rapidly as possible. It urges that the U.S. adopt vitrification of plutonium as its disposition option (rather than using it in reactors) in order that the U.S. may persuade countries still separating plutonium from civilian spent fuel to stop doing so.

PRICE: $12 including postage and handling.
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Mending the Ozone Hole

Science, Technology, and Policy

MIT Press, 1995 -- 355 pages, hardcover
by Arjun Makhijani and Kevin Gurney

While CFC production has been reduced in many places, the ongoing emissions of chemicals and the production of other long-lived ozone-depleting substances mean a decade will pass before the levels of ozone-depleting chlorine in the earth's atmosphere begin to decline. This comprehensive overview details the most current knowledge about stratospheric ozone depleiton. More than a review of the evolution of the ozone problem, Mending the Ozone Hole provides an objective and stimulating look at current debates surrounding the research, the technology development, and the policy-making aimed at eliminating ozone-depleting substances.

This book presents an overview of the stratospheric ozone-depletion problem, including scientific, technological and policy issues. The work is an original and significant contribution to the field in terms of presenting an integrated perspective.
-- Mario Molina, 1995 Nobel Prize Winner, Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

I do not know of any other work with the same breadth and scope.
-- Ralph J. Cicerone, Professor of Earth Systems, University of California at Irvine

PRICE: $55.00 including postage and handling.
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High-Level Dollars Low-Level Sense

IEER Press, 1992 --138 pages, paperback
by Arjun Makhijani and Scott Saleska

The management of radioactive wastes, which contain materials that remain hazardous for up to millions of years, is one of the most vexing, contentious and costly environmental issues of our time. Almost since the inception of the nuclear age, radioactive waste management has been plagued with failures, poor science, cost overruns and unanticipated environmental events.

The authors discuss the reason for these failures, clearly explaining the inconsistencies of waste classification regulations, and exposing some of the scare tactics used to push risky new disposal sites on the public.

The authors then move beyond their criticism of existing flaws to propose an alternaive unified approach to address the problem in a fiscally prudent and environmentally sound way.

High-Level Dollars, Low-Level Sense is a devastating analysis of the attempt to manage radioactive wastes generated by the production of nuclear power and nuclear weapons...Makhijani and Saleska have written what might well stand as the epitaph of nuclear technology.
-- Barry Commoner, Center for Biology and Natural Systems, Queens College

PRICE: $15.00, including postage and handling.
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Plutonium: Deadly Gold of the Nuclear Age

IEER Press, 1992 --178 pages, paperback
by IEER and the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

Hundreds of tons of plutonium have been produced since world War II. The Cold War is over, yet production of plutonium, one of the most potent cancer-causing substances known to humankind, continues in several countries. While much of it is allegedly now for civilian power generation, all plutonium can be used for nuclear weapons, and proliferation by sale or theft is an increasing risk.

Further, plutonium production ("reprocessing") generates great volumes of highly radioactive liquid wastes, which under certain conditions can explode, as occurred in the Soviet Union in 1957. There is as yet no suitable method for disposing of these wastes or the plutonium itself. This book examines the huge security, health and environmental risks posed by plutonium and its wastes, and points the way toward a solution.

PRICE: $10.00, including postage and handling.
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Climate Change and Transnational Corporations: Analysis and Trends

New York: United Nations, 1992 -- 110 pages, paperback
Prepared by Arjun Makhijani
for the United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations
Environment Series, no.2, ST/CTC/112
ISBN 92-1-103385-9

Order from IEER or from United Nations Publications (UN sales no. E.92.II.A.7)

PRICE: $10.00, including postage and handling.
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Radioactive Heaven and Earth

The health and environmental effects of nuclear weapons testing in, on, and above the earth

The Apex Press, 1991 --193 pages, paperback
by IEER and the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

Radioactive Heaven and Earth is the first global analysis of the health and environmental effects of nuclear weapons testing, both atmospheric and underground, since testing began at Alamogordo, New Mexico in 1945.

Radioactive Heaven and Earth is in the great tradition of physicists and scientists as they continue to document the dangers of nuclear testing. This authoritative book exposes the human costs and environmental damage wreaked on the earth as the United States and other nuclear powers continue to develop new, more destructive nuclear weapons.
-- Rear Admiral Eugene Carroll (Ret. U.S. Navy)
Deputy Director, Center for Defense Information

PRICE: $12.90, including postage and handling.
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Rule of Power or Rule of Law?

An Assessment of U.S. Policies and Actions Regarding Security-Related Treaties

The Apex Press, 2003 -- 263 pages, paperback
by IEER and Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy

"A brilliantly conceived and executed study that documents unflinchingly the dangerous descent of the U.S. government into the bottomless pit of global lawlessness. It also illuminates the benefits for citizens and the world of an alternate law-guided approach based on negotiated treaty regimes."
-- Richard Falk, Professor of International Law and Practice, Princeton University

"This thoughtful book carefully examines the current disturbing U.S. approach to many multilateral treaties. It is essential reading for diplomats, policymakers and everyone else who is interested in global security as it relates to nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, landmines, global warming, and international justice."
-- Pierre Schori, Swedish Ambassador to the UN

"This book provides a comprehensive overview of how, at a time when Americans are keenly aware of international threats to peace and security, the United States is systematically undermining the International Criminal Court and other mechanisms that would reduce those threats."
-- Jayne Stoyles, former Program Director, NGO Coalition for the International Criminal Court

PRICE: $21.95, including postage and handling.
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Additional Reports from IEER

Reports on Radiation, Health, and the Environment

  • Estimates of Lung Burdens for Workers at the Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio (1994 - $5)

  • An Assessment of the Source of Radium Contamination and the Magnitude of Associated Health Risks at Six Residences in the Glen Ridge and Montclair/West Orange Superfund Sites (1991 - $10)

  • Development of an Adequate Program of Environmental Radiation Monitoring for the TMI Nuclear Power Facility (1986 - $10)

Effects of Nuclear Weapons Testing in the Marshall Islands

  • "Transuranics in Bone of Deceased Former Residents of Rongelap Atoll, Marshall Islands" (1995 - $3)

  • Rongelap Resettlement project: A set of three reports
    1. "Measurement of Plutonium and Other Transuranics in Bone Tissue of Deceased Rongelap Residents" (1994 - $25)
    2. "Extrapolating Future Internal Radiation Doses for Rongelap from 1958-1984 Whole Body Counting" (1994 - $10)
    3. "Study of Traditional or 'Local Food Only' Diet" (1994 - $10)

Another Report

  • To Reprocess or Not to Reprocess: The Purex Question (Assessment for alternatives for management of N-Reactor fuel at Hanford) (1990 - $10)

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Institute for Energy and Environmental Research
Comments to info at
Takoma Park, Maryland, USA

Updated April 9, 2012